Republic of Moldova

  • With a population of around 3.15 million (2019), Moldova contributes as little as 0.04% to the total global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and is amongst the lowest range of the per capita footprint with 3.8 t CO2e. The key emitter sectors are:

     

  • In its updated Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), the Republic of Moldova has committed to more ambitious targets than in its first NDC. The country’s new economy-wide unconditional target is to reduce its GHG emissions by 70% below its 1990 level in 2030, instead of 64-67% as committed in the first NDC, which could be further increased to 88%, if international low-cost financial resources, technology transfer, and technical cooperation are ensured.

  • Moldova is highly vulnerable to climate change and variability, and the socio-economic costs of climate change related to hazards such as droughts (1), floods (2), late spring frost (3), hail (4) are significant.

  • Increasingly erratic weather patterns have resulted in loss of life and income through rising food and energy prices. The most vulnerable sectors are agriculture, human health, water resources, forestry, transport and energy.

  • Climate change is streamlined into the main strategic planning document of the country – the National Development Strategy “Moldova 2030” (2019). Moldova approved in 2017 its Low Emissions Development Strategy to the year 2030. The Energy Strategy of the Republic of Moldova outlines the climate change mitigation in the sector until 2030. The Republic of Moldova is advancing in the second cycle of its National Adaptation Planning process (NAP2) and the results of the implementation of the Climate Change Adaptation Strategy until 2020 are now evaluated. Based on the evaluation’s results, the second iteration of the Climate Change Adaptation Strategy will be developed. Under the Climate Change Coordinating Mechanism, approved by the Government in 2020, the National Commission on Climate Change has been established as an inter-institutional body for the purpose of coordinating and promoting the measures and actions necessary for the unitary application on the territory of the Republic of Moldova of the provisions of the UNFCCC and of the Paris Agreement.

Climate policy development and advancing cooperation with the EU in Moldova

The EU-Moldova Association Agreement, including a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (AA/DCFTA), fully entered into force on 1 July 2016 after being applied provisionally since September 2014. The Agreement significantly strengthens the political association and economic integration between Moldova and the EU. With extensive support from the EU, Moldova is making gradual progress on the approximation of the EU environmental and energy legislation to ensure energy security and diversify supply sources, including through renewable energy. The EU has supported climate change related actions in the transport sector as well, amongst others, by improving clean public transport in the largest cities and restructuring and modernising the Moldovan railway sector. Moldova is moving forward on its low-carbon and climate resilient development pathway, with strong support from the EU and international financing institutions.

    • 2014
      • Association Agreement with the EU
      • 3rd National Communication
      • National Adaptation Strategy until 2020
    • 2015
      • INDC 2016-2030
      • COP21 Paris Agreement
      • Pledge to Sustainable Developent
        Agenda 2030
    • 2016
      • Biennial Update Report 1 (BUR)
      • LEDS (2016-2030)
      • Revised National Renewable Energy
        Action Plan (NREAP) (2018-2020)
    • 2017
      • LEDS 2030 entered into force
      • Ratification of Paris Agreement
      • Third GHG Inventory submitted
    • 2018
      • Environment Agency set up
      • 4rd National Communication
      • 3rd National Energy Efficiency
        Action Plan (NEEAP) (2019-2021)
      • National Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV) System set up
      • BUR2
    • 2019
      • EU4Climate launched
      • National Development Strategy
        “Moldova 2030” (2020-2030)
    • 2020
      • Enhanced Transparency Framework
      • F-gases Law
      • Updated NDC (2021-2030)
      • NAP 2 launched
    • 2021
      • Updated LEDS 2030
      • Climate Change Adaptation Strategy – under development
      • National Energy and Climate Plan (NECP) (2021-2030) -under development
      • BUR 3 -under development

EU4Climate key policy interventions and expected impact

  • Moldova is working towards establishing a strong foundation for low emission and climate resilient growth, being the fourth country to submit to UNFCCC a very ambitious second NDC. In addition, Moldovan Institutions increasingly recognise the importance of adapting to new climatic conditions and pledge a strong commitment to increase preparedness to address disasters and climate risks.
    However, being a developing country, with limited capacity, Moldova needs additional support to the national efforts through international financial, technological and capacity building assistance.

  • The EU4Climate Programme, funded by the European Union, aims to support the development and implementation of climate-related policies by the Eastern Partnership countries. In Moldova, the first priority of the programme was to support the development of an updated and enhanced Nationally Determined Contribution. A robust domestic emissions monitoring, reporting and verification system will be established to inform the government and the international community of the progress of its NDC implementation.

Result areas and timeframe in Moldova

RESULT AREAS

2019

2020

2021

2022

 

Q3

Q4

Q1

Q2

Q3

Q4

Q1

Q2

Q3

Q4

Q1

Q2

Q3

Q4

NDC

Long-term LEDS

MRV System

EU Climate Acquis

Climate mainstreaming

Climate investment

Adaptation planning

  • The EU4Climate substantial activities started in Moldova in the second half of 2019, and laid the footing for a systematic implementation of the requirements of the Paris Agreement and the commitments of Moldova under it. Throughout the programme, the best international and EU practices will be applied, including some alignment with the EU Acquis included in bilateral agreements and the Energy Community Treaty on Climate Action.

Full country profile can be downloaded here.