Visions of a greener, more sustainable future: case studies in climate ambition from Moldova and Armenia

Endowed with fertile soils, agriculture is Moldova’s lifeblood. Around 57 percent of the population live in rural areas, with more than one-third employed in the crop and livestock sectors. Climate change is driving more extreme weather across Moldova’s rolling steppes, tons, and cities. The country projects that if no mitigation and adaptation measures are taken, the losses instigated by global warming and extreme weather events will reach $1.3 billion annually by 2050. 

Moldova leads the way in climate action, as part of flagship #EU4Climate initiative

Moldova dares to lead the way in climate action, even being severely affected by global warming. The ambition is to transform this challenge into an opportunity for development. The Republic of Moldova has recently become the fourth country in the world to present its second National Determined Contribution (NDC), developed with the support of EU and UNDP.  After the lockdown caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, we have the opportunity to relaunch economies towards low-emissions basis.

EU, UNDP promote regional cooperation for the monitoring and reporting on climate action

Government officials from Eastern Partnership countries – Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine – met in Vienna to review progress in the implementation of their national climate actions. Focusing on a set of measures aiming to collect data on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and climate change mitigation actions – Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV), Governments discussed how to overcome current barriers to establishing effective national systems, accelerate climate action in different sectors and build public support through a partnership with all stakeholders, including the private sector.

Moldova intends to increase its commitment to greenhouse gas emissions reduction by year 2030, up to 70% compared to 1990

The Republic of Moldova has committed to unconditionally reduce the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions up to 70% by 2030, compared to 1990. If Moldova manages to mobilize technical, financial and technological support (transfer of environmentally friendly and efficient in the fight against climate change technologies), then this conditioned reduction level could reach up to 88% as compared to the 1990 reference year level. These commitments are part of the updated Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) of the Republic of Moldova, under the Paris Agreement.

EU4Climate: Climate change might become irreversible; adaptation is the solution

The natural disasters caused by climate bring to the Republic of Moldova annual economic annual damages of about 2% of the Gross Domestic Product, and among the most exposed to the weather is the agricultural sector, with a share of about 14% in the GDP and a third of the labor force employed. Adaptation to climate change and mainstreaming climate risks into national and sectoral policies were discussed in a regional workshop for Eastern Partnership (EAP) countries

Eastern Partnership countries will set more ambitious emission reduction targets to mitigate the negative impact of climate change

Even though the countries of Europe and Central Asia are responsible for only 1.17% of global greenhouse gas emissions, given that about 80% of the energy consumed by these countries comes from fossil fuels, they are encouraged to invest in renewable energy sources. EU4Climate organized a regional workshop for the EaP countries to help in developing low emission development strategies by 2050. The workshop was held in Chisinau, Moldova, during the period 15 -17 October 2019.

European Union, UNDP intensify climate work in Eastern Partnership region

Marking the 10th anniversary of the European Union’s Eastern Partnership, the EU and the UN Development Programme (UNDP) launched EU4Climate, a regional initiative to support the development and implementation of climate policies and to accelerate climate action in the six countries that are part of the Eastern Partnership.

Moldova embarks in EU4Climate regional project to tackle the direct and existential threat of climate change

EU4Climate regional project was launched on 23 April 2019 in Moldova. The national launch offered an opportunity for government officials and the representatives of various stakeholder groups to discuss priorities and next steps for EU4Climate implementation in Moldova.