How Moldova is strengthening climate change mitigation with the EU and UNDP support

The Fifth edition of the EU-Moldova cooperation newsletter of the Delegation of the European union to the Republic of Moldova featured two articles: “The Republic of Moldova strengthens climate change mitigation and adaptation capacities with the support of the European Union and UNDP” and “The Republic of Moldova will gradually ban a series of fluorinated greenhouse gases used in refrigeration and air conditioning installations.”

 

Visions of a greener, more sustainable future: case studies in climate ambition from Moldova and Armenia

Endowed with fertile soils, agriculture is Moldova’s lifeblood. Around 57 percent of the population live in rural areas, with more than one-third employed in the crop and livestock sectors. Climate change is driving more extreme weather across Moldova’s rolling steppes, tons, and cities. The country projects that if no mitigation and adaptation measures are taken, the losses instigated by global warming and extreme weather events will reach $1.3 billion annually by 2050. 

A robust, transparent and comprehensive monitoring, verification and reporting system - key to achieve concrete results to address climate change

Moldova will have a more rebust climate chnage monitoring, verification and reporting system (MRV) and a law will gradually abolish the use of so-called F-gases. The drafts of the two documents wee consulted with the representatives of public institutions, civil society, academia, business and environmental journalists.

The Republic of Moldova has initiated the process of updating the Development Strategy with low emissions by 2030 based on updated, more ambitious greenhouse gases reduction targets set in the Nationally determined Contribution to the Paris Agreement, presented to the UNFCCC Secretariat in March 2020. The strategy will be developed with the support of the EU4Climate project and will address the main sectors responsible foe GHG emissions.

The priority actions for reducing greenhouse gas emissions in the waste management sector in Moldova were presented in a video conference organised by the EU4Climate project. International experts have analysed national strategies and action plans identifying existing gaps and outlining priorities for the coming years. 

The EU4Climate project will assist the Republic of Moldova in drafting the relevant legislation to transpose the climate acquis. The republic of Moldova has committed to transpose several European climate directives, when signing the Association Agreement with the EU in 2014 and by acceding to the Energy Community Treaty in 2010.

Moldova leads the way in climate action, as part of flagship #EU4Climate initiative

Moldova dares to lead the way in climate action, even being severely affected by global warming. The ambition is to transform this challenge into an opportunity for development. The Republic of Moldova has recently become the fourth country in the world to present its second National Determined Contribution (NDC), developed with the support of EU and UNDP.  After the lockdown caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, we have the opportunity to relaunch economies towards low-emissions basis.

UNFCCC Secretariat expressed their gratitude to the Republic of Moldova for its leadership in developing and submitting the updated National determined Contribution (NDC2) to the Paris Agreement, which aims to keep the increase of global average temperatures below 2°C by the end of XXI century.

Within the framework of the EU4Climate project supported by the EU and realised by UNDP, public consultations were organised on March 10-24, 2020 with different initiatives in the climate field to synchronise their activities planned for 2020 to the maximum extent possible to combat the climate change. 

 

Moldova presented to the Secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) the second Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC2) and accompanying information to facilitate clarity, transparency and understanding with reference to the Paris Climate Agreement. Through the NDC2, Moldova has increased its ambition to unconditionally reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 70% below its 1990 level in 2030, instead of 64-67% as committed in NDC1. 

EU, UNDP promote regional cooperation for the monitoring and reporting on climate action

Government officials from Eastern Partnership countries – Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine – met in Vienna to review progress in the implementation of their national climate actions. Focusing on a set of measures aiming to collect data on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and climate change mitigation actions – Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV), Governments discussed how to overcome current barriers to establishing effective national systems, accelerate climate action in different sectors and build public support through a partnership with all stakeholders, including the private sector.

Moldova intends to increase its commitment to greenhouse gas emissions reduction by year 2030, up to 70% compared to 1990

The Republic of Moldova has committed to unconditionally reduce the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions up to 70% by 2030, compared to 1990. If Moldova manages to mobilize technical, financial and technological support (transfer of environmentally friendly and efficient in the fight against climate change technologies), then this conditioned reduction level could reach up to 88% as compared to the 1990 reference year level. These commitments are part of the updated Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) of the Republic of Moldova, under the Paris Agreement.

EU4Climate: Climate change might become irreversible; adaptation is the solution

The natural disasters caused by climate bring to the Republic of Moldova annual economic annual damages of about 2% of the Gross Domestic Product, and among the most exposed to the weather is the agricultural sector, with a share of about 14% in the GDP and a third of the labor force employed. Adaptation to climate change and mainstreaming climate risks into national and sectoral policies were discussed in a regional workshop for Eastern Partnership (EAP) countries

Eastern Partnership countries will set more ambitious emission reduction targets to mitigate the negative impact of climate change

Even though the countries of Europe and Central Asia are responsible for only 1.17% of global greenhouse gas emissions, given that about 80% of the energy consumed by these countries comes from fossil fuels, they are encouraged to invest in renewable energy sources. EU4Climate organized a regional workshop for the EaP countries to help in developing low emission development strategies by 2050. The workshop was held in Chisinau, Moldova, during the period 15 -17 October 2019.

European Union, UNDP intensify climate work in Eastern Partnership region

Marking the 10th anniversary of the European Union’s Eastern Partnership, the EU and the UN Development Programme (UNDP) launched EU4Climate, a regional initiative to support the development and implementation of climate policies and to accelerate climate action in the six countries that are part of the Eastern Partnership.

Moldova embarks in EU4Climate regional project to tackle the direct and existential threat of climate change

EU4Climate regional project was launched on 23 April 2019 in Moldova. The national launch offered an opportunity for government officials and the representatives of various stakeholder groups to discuss priorities and next steps for EU4Climate implementation in Moldova.