Unifying methodologies and using compatible greenhouse gas (GHG) forecasting tools, as well as better coordination between public authorities responsible for energy and climate policies are some of the recommendations of the EU4Climate experts to ensure policy coherence and delivery on international commitments of the Republic of Moldova in the mentioned fields.
The Republic of Moldova is planning to have a more robust system for monitoring greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and reporting to specialized international bodies. A roadmap in this regard has been developed with the support of the European Union and the United Nations Development Programme, within the EU4Climate project.
A low-emission national development program was developed by experts from the EU4Climate project, funded by the EU and implemented by UNDP, to translate Moldova’s commitments under the Paris Climate Agreement into national development policies. These were expressed in the updated NDC, submitted by the Republic of Moldova in 2020 to the UNFCCC. According to its NDC, Moldova will unconditionally reduce greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) by 70% compared to 1990 to 2030, and by 88% if it has access to technical and financial assistance in this regard.
A “Guide on the Integration of Climate Change in Waste Policies” was developed by the EU4Climate project to support the implementation of the Paris Agreement in Moldova at the sectoral level. The guide is for all actors involved and developers of different projects and businesses related to the recycling or composting.
According to EU4Climate experts, the waste management sector has the potential to achieve 15-20% GES reductions by implementing measures to recycle and recover the material and energy value of waste. These can be achieved by actively applying the principle of “waste hierarchy” and transposing European circular economy directives into national legislation. Of all emissions generated globally, half are related to production and can be reduced by 30% through circular economy measures.
The Fifth edition of the EU-Moldova cooperation newsletter of the Delegation of the European union to the Republic of Moldova featured two articles: “The Republic of Moldova strengthens climate change mitigation and adaptation capacities with the support of the European Union and UNDP” and “The Republic of Moldova will gradually ban a series of fluorinated greenhouse gases used in refrigeration and air conditioning installations.”
Endowed with fertile soils, agriculture is Moldova’s lifeblood. Around 57 percent of the population live in rural areas, with more than one-third employed in the crop and livestock sectors. Climate change is driving more extreme weather across Moldova’s rolling steppes, tons, and cities. The country projects that if no mitigation and adaptation measures are taken, the losses instigated by global warming and extreme weather events will reach $1.3 billion annually by 2050.
Moldova will have a more rebust climate chnage monitoring, verification and reporting system (MRV) and a law will gradually abolish the use of so-called F-gases. The drafts of the two documents wee consulted with the representatives of public institutions, civil society, academia, business and environmental journalists.
The Republic of Moldova has initiated the process of updating the Development Strategy with low emissions by 2030 based on updated, more ambitious greenhouse gases reduction targets set in the Nationally determined Contribution to the Paris Agreement, presented to the UNFCCC Secretariat in March 2020. The strategy will be developed with the support of the EU4Climate project and will address the main sectors responsible foe GHG emissions.
The priority actions for reducing greenhouse gas emissions in the waste management sector in Moldova were presented in a video conference organised by the EU4Climate project. International experts have analysed national strategies and action plans identifying existing gaps and outlining priorities for the coming years.
The EU4Climate project will assist the Republic of Moldova in drafting the relevant legislation to transpose the climate acquis. The republic of Moldova has committed to transpose several European climate directives, when signing the Association Agreement with the EU in 2014 and by acceding to the Energy Community Treaty in 2010.
Moldova dares to lead the way in climate action, even being severely affected by global warming. The ambition is to transform this challenge into an opportunity for development. The Republic of Moldova has recently become the fourth country in the world to present its second National Determined Contribution (NDC), developed with the support of EU and UNDP. After the lockdown caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, we have the opportunity to relaunch economies towards low-emissions basis.
UNFCCC Secretariat expressed their gratitude to the Republic of Moldova for its leadership in developing and submitting the updated National determined Contribution (NDC2) to the Paris Agreement, which aims to keep the increase of global average temperatures below 2°C by the end of XXI century.
Within the framework of the EU4Climate project supported by the EU and realised by UNDP, public consultations were organised on March 10-24, 2020 with different initiatives in the climate field to synchronise their activities planned for 2020 to the maximum extent possible to combat the climate change.
Moldova presented to the Secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) the second Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC2) and accompanying information to facilitate clarity, transparency and understanding with reference to the Paris Climate Agreement. Through the NDC2, Moldova has increased its ambition to unconditionally reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 70% below its 1990 level in 2030, instead of 64-67% as committed in NDC1.