Georgia

  • With a population of around 3.73 million (2018), Georgia contributes as little as 0.03% to the total global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and is amongst the lowest range of per capita footprint with 2.37mt CO2e.
    The energy sector has the highest emissions followed by agriculture, production and industry and waste:

  • In its first Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), Georgia plans to unconditionally reduce its GHG emissions by 15% below the business as usual scenario for the year 2030, to be further decreased by 10%, subject to international cooperation. The 25% reduction would ensure that Georgian GHG emissions by 2030 will stay 40% below the 1990 levels.

  • Georgia is considered highly vulnerable to the effects of climate change, facing threats that include increased frequency and severity of droughts (1), flooding (2), landslides (3).

     

  • A changing climate will also significantly impact the coastal zone. The most vulnerable sectors are agriculture, forestry, tourism, health and cultural heritage.

     

  • At present, Georgia is finalising an updated NDC and the government is developing a Climate Action Plan 2021-2030 to provide more detail and guide future climate policy developments. In addition, the elaboration of Georgia’s Long-Term Low Emission Development Strategy (LEDS) is being launched in 2020. There are a number of other policies in place, which reflect Georgia’s focus on climate change adaptation and preparations for the challenges of the changing climate.

Climate policy development and advancing cooperation with the EU in Georgia

The Ministry of Environmental Protection and Agriculture of Georgia is responsible for the development and implementation of national climate change policy, as well as the co-ordination of international climate change negotiations. The EU and Georgia’s close relationship is based on the EU Georgia Association Agreement (AA) including a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (DCFTA), which entered into force in July 2016 and strives for political association and economic integration. Georgia is progressing in the legal approximation process for the environment and climate action under the AA.

  • 2014
    • Association Agreement with the EU
    • Socio-economic Development Strategy
      of Georgia
  • 2015
    • INDC 2016-2030
    • COP21 Paris Agreement
    • Pledge to Sustainable Developent Agenda 2030
  • 2016
    • First Voluntary National Review
    • Annual Governmental Work Plan (AGWP)
    • EU-Georgia AA entered into force
    • Biennial Update Report 1 (BUR)
  • 2017
    • Ratification of Paris Agreement
    • Full member of the European Energy
      Community
  • 2018
    • Climate Action Plan (2021-2030)
  • 2019
    • EU4Climate launched
    • BUR2 and Biennial Transparency Reports
      (BTR) (2016-2018)
    • National Renewable Energy Action Plan
      (NREAP) (2018-2030)
    • National Energy Efficiency Action Plan
      (NEEAP) (2018-2030)
  • 2020
    • Climate Action Plan (2021-2030)
    • Updated NDC (2021-2030)
    • National Energy and Climate Plan
      (2021-2030)
    • Long-term low emission development
      strategy (LT-LEDS) (2021-2050)
    • Green Economy Strategy (2017-2022)

EU4Climate key policy interventions and expected impact

 

  • Georgia is a country that has already committed to low-emission development and one of the main objectives of the government is to improve the country’s preparedness and adaptive capacity by developing climate-resilient practices that reduce the vulnerability of highly exposed communities. The government regularly highlights this as a main priority. Georgia, as a developing country, with limited capacity, needs additional support to its national efforts through international financial, technological and capacity building support.

  • EU4Climate Programme, funded by the European Union, aims to support the development and implementation of climate-related policies by the Eastern Partnership countries. EU4Climate project supports Georgia’s commitment to update and enhance the country’s NDC in 2020. The main tool for the successful implementation of the Georgian NDC is to elaborate its long-term low emission development strategy and mainstream climate change in the sectoral strategies. A robust domestic emissions monitoring, reporting and verification system will be established, to inform the government and the international community on the progress of its NDC implementation. Throughout the project, the best international and EU practices will be applied.

EU4Climate result areas and timeframe in Armenia

RESULT AREAS

2019

2020

2021

2022

 

Q3

Q4

Q1

Q2

Q3

Q4

Q1

Q2

Q3

Q4

Q1

Q2

Q3

Q4

NDC

Long-term LEDS

MRV System

EU Climate Acquis

Climate mainstreaming

Climate investment

Adaptation planning

  • The EU4Climate project’s substantial activities started in Georgia in the second half of 2019 and laid the footing for systematic implementation of the requirements of the Paris Agreement and the commitments of Georgia under it.

Full country profile can be downloaded here.